HIV/AIDS Surveillance Systems: A Case Study of Egypt

Nesmah Elkestawi, David Johnston

Abstract


Current estimates of HIV/AIDS incidences are thought to be inaccurate according to external organizations such as WHO and UNAIDS. It is important to maintain an accurate estimate of prevalence to avoid an unexpected outbreak of a high-level
epidemic. Our method of analyzing Egypt’s surveillance system comes primarily from comparisons to other Eastern Mediterranean countries. Research on these regional
HIV/AIDS surveillance systems was conducted by studying publications printed by organizations that deal with these issues. To gain primary perspectives on the systems in Egypt, interviews were conducted with representatives of the organizations World Health Organization (WHO) and Family Health International (FHI) in Egypt.

Our research has shown that Egypt’s current HIV/AIDS surveillance system is not operating effectively. Instead, it is in a transitional state to an improved and updated system that, if implemented correctly, could provide accurate surveillance.


The area that was found to need the largest amount of improvement was the awareness of the general population and high risk groups about HIV/AIDS. Without the presence of
this awareness, a surveillance system would not be successful.


Keywords


HIV; AIDS; health surveillance; disease prevention

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