Patterns of Democratization and State Controlled Pluralism: Is Egypt Going Anywhere?

Ahmed Dardir


Free elections, reform of the constitution, reform initiatives, political prisons, emergency law: the usual ingredients of the Egyptian political scene. Does all this lead to a process of democratization? While the regime is widening, can democracy work without mass participation? Is democracy a procedure or a nationwide project? Can democratization work under emergency laws? Can democratization work from above? This paper aims to provide an in-depth exploration of these questions.


Political Reform; Elections; Pluralism

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